Log in

Reading Strategies Resources

Word Attack Strategies Bookmark: can be used as a resource to support readers to decode and comprehend difficult/unknown words.  Visuals and text illustrate each strategy.

Word Attack Strategies Bridge: can be used as a resource to support teachers during reading instruction to teach decoding strategies to individuals, groups and whole class.

These 'word attack' strategies are derived from Sheena Cameron's Comprehension strategies.


  • Atamarie

    Wow! These look awesome!

  • Sam Weepers

    Kia ora Atamarie

    I appreciate your positive response.  I hope these resources are useful in your work.  May I ask what your role is in education at the moment?

    Ngā mihi nui


  • Jane Chartres

    Hi Sam,

    These look like a really helpful visual tool to assist students. I'm keen to trial them with a class I am working with. I really like the idea of a bookmark as it can be used by everyone (inclusive), yet can be identified as a tool with target children.

    Can you explain a bit more on how to implement the bridge?

    Thanks for sharing these.


  • Sam Weepers

    Kia ora Jane

    Thank you for your positive feedback and question.  When I was in the classroom, I used the Word Attack Bridge in the following way:

    1. Made it A3 size and laminated it

    2. During guided reading sessions, I would ask students to identify 'hard words' from their story

    3. I would write each word on the 'Hard Words' pillar of the bridge

    4. Students in the group (individually or in pairs) would then choose one of the strategies from the middle of the bridge to collaboratively figure out each word

    5. If someone already knew a word, they would naturally become part of the 'ask a friend' strategy but were told not to reveal their discussion about the word until others had a chance to employ their strategy

    6. Students reported back on how they used their strategy and what they found out about the word (both decoding and comprehension)

    7. I usually ticked off each strategy on the bridge as students reported back

    8. I would then write the 'hard word' that we'd explored on the 'New Words' pillar of the bridge as a word we all now knew

    9. Doing this helped the students know how to use each strategy independently, which is where the bookmark is useful as a prompt

    Adaptation: I had A4 sized laminated sheets too that students selected and used (with whiteboard markers) individually, in pairs and small groups as a reading task.

  • MikeA

    Kia ora Sam,

    Many thanks for sharing these useful resources, I will find the bookmarks useful with a Pause Prompt, Praise peer tutoring intervention. I like the word bridge too, a neatly structured and very visual approach to consolidating these strategies.

    Thanks again.

  • Sam Weepers

    Kia ora Mike

    Thank you for your positive feedback.  I am pleased to see that you will be able to integrate these resources with another effective reading strategy and within the evidence-based context of peer tutoring.  I look forward to hearing more about your experiences and the experiences of the teachers and children who use them.

    Ngā mihi nui