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Principle 1 - Know your learner

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Last updated by Suzie Vesper


Know your learners:

  • language background;
  • language proficiency;
  • experiential background.

Questions to ask

  • What do you know about your students' language skills? 
  • What do you know about their prior knowledge? 
  • How will you find out this information? How will it affect your planning?

e-Learning examples

Google Maps - to use to share information about locations/ home towns and to practice directions.

Getting started with Google Maps

Using Google Maps for ESOL

Movies to tell student stories

A lovely example of the story of a Korean girl moving to the US

Brainstorming ideas with students - finding prior knowledge

Blog post about crowdsourcing using a tool called tricider.

Testing prior knowledge with quizzes and tests