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Sue Parkes's discussion posts

  • Sue Parkes 08 Nov 2011 5:36pm () in Encouraging secondary teachers to embrace anytime, anywhere learning

    Thank you Diane for getting a debate going  on 21st Century expectations of knowing and

    This is something that I am struggling to achieve within my school.  I am seen to be a ‘mere’ classroom practitioner.  A comment  regarding the term '21st century learning'; I believe is becoming a bit like how these words 'technology', 'healthy' are now vague terms that have many different interpretations and I believe that this does not bring clarity to definition of the term '21st Century learner'.  

     21st century expectations of knowing and learning must come from the Leadership. Scott McLeod (2011) says, "If leaders don't get it, it doesn't happen".  If leadership are struggling to understand the concept as Gilbert (2007) defines how do they lead their staff, parents, BOT and wider community?  

    Zhao & Franks (2003) ecosystem metaphor model is based upon the invasive specie concept. I am determined to be an invasive specie in eLearning/digital technologies/21st century learning.  

    Something that we should not forget, the teacher is a key individual in education, and in the metaphor ecological terms, I am determined to be the invasive  ‘keystone specie’  as desrcibed by Zhao and Frank (2003).  The classroom and the teacher are the focus in Davis (2008) arena model of change. As a teacher, I can be a change agent despite the bureaucratic, the political, the professional and commercial influences. I am determined to be one of those change agents taking very small steps initially along this continuum.

    But for a focused school wide adoption of pedagogy or the 21st century learners, Davis (2008) cites Zhao & Frank (2003) who identify four basic mechanisms that support teachers' adoption of IT in the school system:

    1. Employing teachers with IT expertise or who are supportive and willing learners  
    2. Provision of training and making it socially supportive of IT
    3. Provision of the tools enabling the opportunity for exploring how to use the tools in classroom pedagogy
    4. Influencing and changing the opinion of leaders. 



    Davis, N.E. (2008). How may teacher learning be promoted for educational renewal with IT? In J. Voogt and G. Knezek (eds.), International Handbook of Information Technology in Primary and Secondary Education. (507-520) Amsterdam: Springer.

    Zhao, Y., & Frank, K. A. (2003). Factors affecting technology uses in schools: An ecological perspective. American Educational Research Journal, 40(4), 807-840.